Modular buildings along with the modular homes are known as sectional prefabricated house or buildings that are made up of various sections known as modules. The term “modular” is a technique of construction that is different when compared to the standard methods involved in building. Module sections are typically constructed away from or off-site facilities. Once constructed they are delivered to site for the purpose of their intended use.
The construction of prefabricated sections will be completed on-site. In some cases prefabricated sections are lifted and then placed onto the basement walls with the use of a crane and each module prefabricated section is set on the foundation of the building and then joined together which results in a complete and single building. These modules can either be positioned end-to-end, side-by-side or stacked which allows for numerous style and configurations on the layout of the building.
The modular buildings also go by the name of precision-built homes or prefabricated homes and are constructed at either a similar or even higher type of building standard as the onsite complete stick-built houses. The materials used for both modular and stick-built houses or buildings are exactly the same. These modular homes or buildings have to conform to every local building code in association to their intended use.
The Uses Of Modular Buildings
Modular buildings are designed for use for permanent, temporary or long-term facilities like modular office buildings, industrial facilities, permanent or temporary facilities, classrooms and schools and construction camps. In some cases the modular buildings are utilized in areas that are regarded as rural when the conventional construction processes are not possible or reasonable. Some of the typical uses that these structures are commonly used for include health-care facilities, churches, cruise-ship construction, fast-food chains or restaurant and retail or sales offices. One of the other reasons why a modular structure is considered is for areas that experience various weather conditions such as heavy rainfall or hurricanes.
The Construction Process
The modular components will generally be constructed in an indoor setting on what is known as assembly lines. These construction processes can be completed within a period of 10 days, but more commonly over a period of 1 month to 3 months. The completed modules will then be transported using a flat bed truck to a building site which is then assembled with the use of a crane. The placement of these modules can take a number of hours up to a number of days depending on the size and design of the project.
The process of a modular construction is based on the design stages. This has to do with practices like DMA ( Design for Manufacture and Assembly) is used that ensure the assembly tolerances have been maintained and controlled throughout manufacturing processes as well as the actual assembly once on site. It is of great importance that the design allows sufficient allowance in regards to take up misalignment or slack of the components used. Using advanced 3D printing and CAD systems along with manufacturing control-systems is important to the modular construction process.by